Darlene Clark Hine
Darlene ClarkHine
2003–2004
Emeline Bigelow Conland Fellow
Michigan State University
History
The Black Professional Class: Origins of the Civil Rights Movement, 1890–1955

Darlene Clark Hine is the John A. Hannah Professor of American History at Michigan State University. She will become the Board of Trustees Professor at Nothwestern University next year. Her most recent publication is “Black Professionals and Race Consciousness: Origins of the Civil Rights Movement, 1890–1950,” published in The Journal of American History.

During her Radcliffe Institute fellowship, Hine will investigate the history of the black professional class, paying special attention to physicians, nurses, and lawyers during the Jim Crow era of racial segregation and discrimination. She will explore the process of class formation and the impact of constructions of gender and race in social movements. She poses the question, How did African American communities, specifically black professionals, acquire the institutional and ideological resources needed to overthrow white supremacy and achieve equality of opportunity? Hine will also concentrate on the emergence of the first full generation of black women lawyers and physicians. She is interested in how professional identities and practices were complicated by the intersection of race, class, and gender.

Hine has served as president of both the Southern Historical Association (2002–2003) and the Organization of American Historians (2001–2002). She has held fellowships at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in Stanford, California, and at the National Humanities Center, and she won a Ford Foundation grant for Comparative Black History PhD Degree Program in 1991. She has also been recognized for her scholarship with a Lavinia L. Dock Book Award from the American Association for the History of Nursing.

This information is accurate as of the fellowship year indicated for each fellow.