The Patty Trustman Gelfman Collection on the History of Radcliffe College
Patty Trustman Gelfman, a member of the Class of 1956, graduated cum laude with a degree in English.
Patty Trustman Gelfman, a member of the Class of 1956, graduated cum laude with a degree in English. Her love of Radcliffe College has benefited both the College and the Institute for more than 50 years. Through a variety of volunteer offices, Gelfman has served the mission of Radcliffe as trustee of Radcliffe College, a member of the board of the Radcliffe College Alumnae Association, and member of the Schlesinger Library Council. She has been a generous supporter of the College as well as of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study and the Schlesinger Library.
Gelfman has been an advocate for preserving the history of Radcliffe College and has made it possible to tell the story of the College’s administration and governance—as well as the history of the Schlesinger Library—through this exhibit. The virtual collection begins with a brief narrative and then links to the finding aids for collections that preserve and tell the full history in documents.
Formerly known as the Society for the Collegiate Instruction of Women, Radcliffe College was chartered by the Massachusetts state legislature in 1894. The College existed from that date until 1999, when it officially and fully merged with Harvard University. From 1894 through 1999, eight dedicated individuals led the College, until it became the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study under the leadership of its first dean, Drew Gilpin Faust. For more history, see the online exhibit It’s Complicated.
There were twelve academic deans throughout the history of Radcliffe College. They are listed below with links to photographs, further information, or guides to their papers.
- Agnes Irwin—Dean of the College, 1894–1909
- Mary Coes—Acting Dean, 1909; Dean of the College, 1910–1913
- Caroline Louise Humphrey—Acting Dean, 1913–1914
- Bertha May Boody—Dean of the College, 1914–1920
- Christina Hopkinson Baker—Acting Dean, 1920–1921 and 1922–1923
- Marion Edwards Park—Dean of the College, 1921–1922
- Bernice Brown Cronkhite—Dean of the College, 1923–1934; Dean of the Graduate School, 1934–1959
- Frances Ruml Jordan—Dean of the College, 1936–1940 (possibly 1934–1939)
- Mildred Percival Sherman—Acting Dean, 1939–1940; Dean of the College, 1942–1949 (possibly 1943–1950); Dean of College Relations, 1949–1961
- Katharine E. McBride—Dean of Radcliffe College, 1940–1942
- Wilma Kerby-Miller—Dean of Instruction, 1946–1959, Dean of the Graduate School, 1959–1963 (possibly 1959–1962)
- Kathleen Overmyer Elliott—Associate Dean of Instruction, 1953–1959; Dean of Instruction, 1959–1963; Dean of South House, 1962 (possibly 1961–1970); Dean of the College, 1963–1972 (possibly 1963–1971); Dean of the College and Senior Tutor of South House, 1970–1976; Associate Dean of Radcliffe, 1972–1976
The earliest records of governance relating to Radcliffe College are entries in the diary of Arthur Gilman. With the approval of Harvard University’s President Charles William Eliot, Gilman conceived of the program for Private Collegiate Instruction for Women, which was implemented by the Committee of Seven Lady Managers in 1879. The official records of governance are contained in a series of minute books that begin with the Articles of Association for the Society for the Collegiate Instruction of Women, dating from 1882.
On August 26, 1943, Radcliffe College received from the alumna Maud Wood Park, Class of 1898, her collection of books, papers, and memorabilia on the suffrage movement, in which she had been a leader. Park’s Woman’s Rights Collection became the nucleus of the College’s research library, called the Women’s Archives, which continued to grow throughout the 1940s and 1950s. In 1965 the Women’s Archives was renamed the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America in honor of the Harvard University historian Arthur M. Schlesinger and his wife, Elizabeth Bancroft Schlesinger, who were strong supporters. With the surge of a new women’s movement in the 1960s and1970s, the library’s collections grew rapidly, as feminist activists highlighted the importance of women’s history and created their own documents and publications.
As its name suggests, the Schlesinger Library’s mission is to document women’s lives from the past and present for the future. Its holdings illuminate a vast array of individuals, families, organizations, events, and trends and contain a wealth of resources for the study of social, political, economic, and cultural history. The library’s collections are especially rich in the areas of women’s rights and feminism, health and sexuality, social reform and activism, work and family life, culinary history, and education and the professions.
More than 3,500 unique manuscript collections span time, class, geography, and race. Documents such as diaries and letters reveal the day-to-day lives of families and women of all ages and the struggles and triumphs of well-known women of accomplishment. The records of women’s organizations, beginning in the early 19th century, document a broad range of American women’s activism for human, civil, and women’s rights and women’s activities at home and abroad.
The books and collections of printed materials are a comprehensive gathering of more than 80,000 books and 4,000 periodical titles documenting every aspect of American women’s lives and history. An additional 20,000 books are culinary titles, including cookbooks and works on food in domestic life from the 16th to 21st centuries and many countries. In addition, the library holds 4,500 culinary pamphlets and nearly 2,000 menus.
More than 150,000 photographs—from daguerreotypes to digital images and from casual snapshots to the works of professional photographers—create an unparalleled visual record of women’s private and public life. Audiotapes, videotapes, and oral history tapes and transcripts add the soundtrack to the story of women’s lives.
The archives of Radcliffe College, which include the papers of officers, students, and alumnae, document not only the history of the College but also the history of women in higher education.
The library’s collections continue to expand to include new topics, such as pop culture, and new formats, such as “born digital” materials, that will document the exciting diversity of women in America into the 21st century and beyond.